Baruch


Baruch
Son of Neriah (Jer. 36:4); the names have been discovered on a clay seal of the 7th cent. BCE. Baruch was a friend and secretary of Jeremiah who, in spite of possibly being an employee of King Jehoiakim, had the courage to read Jeremiah's subversive prophecies publicly in the Temple (winter, 604 BCE). The king burnt the scroll which contained advice to submit to the Babylonians. But the words were written out again (Jer. 36:28). When Jeremiah was imprisoned, Baruch was entrusted with the legal deeds of property in Jeremiah's home town, Anathoth, a short distance NE of Jerusalem (Jer. 32:12–16). This transaction was arranged by Jeremiah as a prophecy that after the Chaldeans (Babylonians) had gone, fields would again be bought and sold (Jer. 32:44). However, it was not to be. After the siege and the Babylonian victory, Jeremiah and Baruch were taken by a group of anti-Babylonian conspirators to Egypt (586 BCE).
It has been argued that those sections in the book of Jeremiah which are biographical are the work of Baruch, though they have been edited in the interests of Deuteronomic history (Jer. 39:11–12; 40:1–6) with its characteristic refrain (40:3) that evils had come upon the people ‘because they have sinned against the Lord’.
Baruch, 2 Baruch, 3 Baruch
The Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch and the Greek Apocalypse of Baruch are translations of a pseudobiographical work probably written in Hebrew in the first part of the 1st cent. CE. It contains a coherent account of Jewish eschatological [[➝ eschatology]] expectations, including the advent of a Messiah.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • Baruch — • The disciple of Jeremiah, and the traditional author of the deuto canonical book, which bears his name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Baruch     Baruch      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Baruch — (Hebrew Name|בָּרוּךְ|Baruḫ|Bārûḵ| Blessed ) has been a given name among Jews from Biblical times up to the present, on some occasions also used as surname. It is also found, though more rarely, among Christians particularly among Protestants who …   Wikipedia

  • BARUCH — BARUCH, name of several kabbalists. BARUCH SHELI AḤ ẒIBBUR TOGARMI. Baruch Sheli aḥ ẓibbur Togarmi, as is suggested by his cognomen Togarmi, was a cantor of eastern origin. He wrote a treatise, extant in several manuscripts (Paris, Oxford, New… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARUCH — (Heb. בָּרוּךְ; blessed ), son of Neriah son of Mahseiah, scribe and trusted companion of the prophet jeremiah , who set down in writing all the latter s prophecies and may have composed the biographical narrative about Jeremiah (Jer. 36:4).… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Baruch — (בָּרוּךְ gesegnet ) ist ein hebräischer Vorname, der aus der Bibel stammt und auch als Nachname verwendet wird. Baruch ist gleichbedeutend mit dem arabischen Namen ‏بارك‎ / Bārak bzw. dessen englischer Variante Barack. Alle Varianten entsprechen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BARUCH — BARUCH, prominent U.S. family. SIMON (1840–1921) emigrated from his native Posen, Prussia, to America in 1855. He settled in South Carolina, where his first employers, impressed with his talents, assisted him in his studies at the medical… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Barūch — (hebr., d.i. der Gesegnete), Sohn Nerijas, Freund u. Gefährte des Propheten Jeremias, dessen Orakel er niederschrieb; er ward während der Belagerung Jerusalems durch Nebukadnezar gefangen gehalten, bekam aber von dem Sieger die Freiheit, seinen… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Baruch — (VIIe s. av. J. C.), scribe hébreu qui aurait en partie rédigé les prophéties de son maître Jérémie; son Livre de Baruch succède aux Lamentations …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Baruch — (»der Gesegnete«), Sohn Nerijas, Freund und Gefährte des Propheten Jeremias, dessen Orakel er niederschrieb. Nach der Zerstörung Jerusalems durch Nebukadnezar blieb er zunächst in Palästina, wanderte jedoch später mit dem Propheten nach Ägypten… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barûch — (hebr., »der Gesegnete«), Gehilfe des Propheten Jeremias, dem er nach der Zerstörung Jerusalems nach Ägypten folgte. Das apokryphische Buch B. (bester Kommentar von Kneucker 1879) läßt ihn dagegen von Babylon aus eine Trost und Mahnrede an die… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Baruch — Baruch, d.h. der Gesegnete, der Leidensgenosse des Jeremias, der ihm seine Prophetien diktirte; während der Belagerung Jerusalems durch Nebukadnezar von den Juden gefangen gehalten, von Nebukadnezar freigelassen ging er mit Jeremias nach Aegypten …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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